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Central - Western - Northern Mongolian Nature Discovery Tour – 27 days

20 April 2017

Kharkhorin 1Altai 5 bogd 2tsaatan
We welcome you to the world of astonishingly untouched nature with a surprising mixture of landscapes, majestic snow-capped mountains, gigantic blue lakes, rare flora and fauna as well as heterogeneous ethnic groups and unique nomadic culture that is Western Mongolia! This is an extremely restful environment where you should spend your vacation. During this tour, we will visit not only the western area but also wonderful natural & cultural sights of central Mongolia and Darkhad Valley,Taiga, Rein deer herders and Shamanist in Northern Mongolia. Moreover, you will ride horses & camels and hiking in the untouched nature. Diverse, interesting activities are waiting for you. We will stay in the traditional Mongolian dwellings, the ger, sometimes overnight in tents in beautiful spots and gaze at the amazing starry sky before sleeping. Feel life’s freedom in the immeasurable spacious and silent paradise of Western Mongolia and enjoy the beauty of pristine nature. Please see the below suggested itinerary then enjoy them all in reality! You can be sure this tour of Mongolia will be your unforgettable holiday of a lifetime.

Day 1. Ulaanbaatar-Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes.

After breakfast we will drive west to beautiful Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes. On the way we will visit the Khustai NP.  Khustai National Park is located in Altanbulag Sum, Tuv Province. Khustai has 506 square km area and was established in 1993. The park protects the wild horse “Takhi”, also known as Przewalski’s wild horse in the world, and a bio-diversity of other rare wild animals and plants. The quantity of various ecosystems within the park assures an abundance of wildlife. We will visit a small museum of the Takhi and learn about the park and wild horse Takhi. Watch a short documentary film about Khustai National Park, Przewalski’s wild horse and Takhi re-introduction project.

Continue driving to the Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes. The  Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes is one of the most picturesque places of Mongolia and is part of the 80 km long Mongol Els Sand Dunes. This place is a wonderful combination of pretty sand dunes, majestic granite mountains, grassy green land, a clear fresh spring and a tiny lake. Indeed, here you can enjoy seeing the combination of Gobi and Khangai Natural Zones.  We will visit local nomadic family and enjoy walking and climbing on the sand dunes.

Day 2. Karakorum “Ancient Capital of the Great Mongolian Empire of the Genghis Khan” & Erdenezuu monastery - Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall”

Today we will drive to the Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall”. On the way we will visit Karakorum “Ancient Capital of the Great Mongolian Empire of the Genghis Khan”. Karakorum (Kharkhorin) was the capital of Great Mongolian Empire of Chinggis Khan in the 13-14th Centuries. Visit one of Mongolia’s two largest monasteries, “Erdenezuu”, Museum of Karakorum and surrounding sites of Karakorum: the Great Khan’s monument, the legendary Turtle of Karakorum and the Phallic Rock statue. Erdenezuu Monastery has a complex of 108 stupas and over 10 temples that contain rich displays of Mongolian Buddhism. The Erdenezuu Monastery and ruins of Karakorum were registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1996.

After lunch we will continueto the Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall”. Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall” is on Ulaan River which flows through basalt rocks formed by a unique combination of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes around 20000 years ago. Ulaan Tsutgalan Waterfall cascades from a height of 20 meters and is naturally most impressive after heavy rain but disappears in dry seasons.

Day 3. Tsenkher Hot Spring.

In the morning we will drive to Tsenkher Hot Spring in Arkhangai Province. Thenkher Hot Spring water contains a blend of the most useful minerals for the human body. Mongolians say its water is a pleasant treatment for stress, nervous disorders and rheumatism. Then enjoy walking to the beginning of the mineral spring and having hot mineral water bath.

Day 4. Khorgo - Terkh National Park.

Drive to beautiful Khorgo -Terkh National Park. On the way we will pass through the town of Tsetserleg, the center of Arkhangai Province. Continue driving along the amazing canyon of Chuluut River and Khangai Zone. Then  we will visit the attractions of the park: the Khorgo extinct volcano, the Yellow Dog’s Hell, the Ice Cave and Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. Khorgo - Terkh National Park has been protected since 1965 and covers an area of 773 square km. Khorgo Mountain was an active volcano just 8000 years ago and Khorgo is covered with basalt. Red deer, Siberian deer, wild boar, reddish and black ducks are found in the park. During the summer, great cormorants commonly nest at Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. The lake is beautiful with crystal clear fresh water and supports pike & other fish. Torrents of lava is suing from the Khorgo Volcano dammed the Terkh River in the north and south forming the lake and is at an altitude of 2060 meters above sea level. Enjoy walking and bird watching by the lake shore.

Day 5. Telmen Lake in Zavkhan Province.

Drive to beautiful Telmen Lake in Zavkhan Province. This salt lake is at an altitude of 1789 meters above sea level and covers an area of 194 square km. We will camp at the eastern end of Telmen Lake. Free time for hiking by the lake shore and relaxing in the quiet beauty of nature.

Day 6. Khar Lake and Sand Dunes.

Today we will drive to Khar Lake to see the wonderful joining of a fresh water lake and sand dunes. Khar Lake is at an altitude of 1980 meters above sea level and covers an area of 89 square km. Enjoy climbing the sand dunes, hiking, swimming and admire the natural beauty.

Day 7. Khyargas Lake.

Continue driving to Khyargas Lake along the Bor Khyariin Els Sand Dunes. Khyargas Lake is one of the largest lakes in Mongolia and is located in the Great Lakes Depression that is a globally important wetland area for migratory birds and is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. Khyargas Lake is a huge inland sea 75 km long, 31 km wide and 80 meters deep. The water is brackish and has rare fish such as Mongolian grayling. The surrounding atmosphere of the lake area makes you feel that you are really separated from bustling outside world. Enjoy relaxing and bird watching.

Day 8. Ulgii Town, center of Bayan-Ulgii Province.

After breakfast we drive to Ulgii, center of Bayan-Ulgii, Mongolia’s western most province.  We need get permission from border army. The province is famous for its untouched snow-capped mountains and the Kazakh nation that makes up nearly 5% of the population with their rich, unique culture. Visit the museum of Bayan-Ulgii Province and learn basic information about the area.

Day 9.  Entrance of Altai Tavan Bogd National Park.

Day 10. Base camp (trekking 15 km)

We will trek for around 15-16 km to the base camp at the edge of the 20 km long Potanin Glacier. Arrive at the base camp and pitch the tents.

Day 11. Base camp

Today we will climb Malchin Peak the lowest and easiest of the Five Peaks, Malchin Peak is 4037 meters above sea level.  The climb will not require special technical equipments. Enjoy the stunning view of untouched nature and the territories of the bordering countries. After reaching the top we will come back down to the base camp. The Altai Tavan Bogd or Five Holy Peaks include: Khuiten Peak (means cold), Ulgii Peak, Burged Peak, Nairamdal Peak and Malchin Peak. The highest one is Khuiten at an altitude of 4374 meters above sea level and is the roof of Mongolia.

Day 12. Entrance of Altai Tavan Bogd National Park.

Today we will trek back to the car. (around 15 km) to the entrance of the park.

Day 13. Visit Kazakh eagle hunter’s family .

We will visit a local Kazakh eagle hunter’s family and learn about the Kazakh people’s unique lifestyle, traditions and how they train the eagles for hunting. 

Day 14. Achit lake

Achit Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Uvs province of Mongolia, in the west of the country. At an elevation of 1,435 m above sea level it covers an area of 290 km². It is 28 km long, 16 km wide, and 10 m deep. The coast is covered with steppes, mostly hilly but swampy on the northwest and northeast. Several rivers also flow into the lake.

Day 15. Kharkhiraa Turgen Mountain Range.

This morning we will travel to the untouched Kharkhiraa Turgen Mountain Range. On the way enjoy the picturesque scenery of the Khan Khukhii Mountain Range. The mountains of Kharkhiraa Uul and Turgen Uul are perpetually snowcapped. Kharkhiraa Mountain reaches 4038 meters above sea level and Turgen Mountain reaches 3965 meters. Here there are many kinds of rare plants and animals such as snow leopard and wild Argali sheep. The mountain range is a great place for hiking. We will make a short visit to Ulaangom, center of Uvs Province.

Day 16. Altan els “Golden sands”

Day 17. Tes

Day 18. Murun  city

After breakfast we will drive to the town of Murun, the center Khuvsgul Province. Get permit from the army border. 

Day 19.  Darkhad Valley

We will visit to Darkhad family in the Darkhad Valley. The Mongolian nomads of the Darhad valley are some of the most self-sufficient people in the world. Across the steppes and mountains of the Darhad Valley, they move huge herds of sheep, goats, cattle, yaks and camels, relying on their tough little horses. It's a harsh and spectacular place, and a grueling life.

The Darkhad valley is a large valley in northwestern Khuvsgul province, Mongolia. It is situated between the Ulaan Taiga and Khoridol Saridag ranges at an altitude of about 1600 m, about 160 km long and 40 km wide. The view from the valley and mountains are unique.

The area is 4270 km². It was transferred from the People"s Republic of Tagna Tuva to the Mongolian People"s Republic in 1925 as a Soviet concession to the Mongolians, who had wanted to incorporate the territory of Tagna Uriankhai into their country.

The valley is rich in lakes and rivers, the biggest of which are Dood Tsagaan Lake "lower white lake" and Shishged River, respectively. The area is famous for its natural beauty.

Day 20. Horseback riding.

Today we will start horseback riding to Tsaatan “reindeer Herders“ thru deep Taiga forest. Enjoy horseback riding and the surrounding natural beauty. Mongolia is called “Land of Blue Sky” because the sky clear most time during the year and is the sunniest country in the world. In the evening, the stars are quite bright and the view at night is spectacular even with the naked eye with the stars appearing so close you can reach up and touch them.

Day 21. Horseback riding – Tsaatan “Reindeer Herders, Shaman”

Today we will continue horseback riding and visit the Tsaatan - Reindeer Herders, Shaman.

One of the 20 ethnic groups in Mongolia is the Darkhad people or Tsaatan know as Reindeer Herders. They live in tepees near Khuvsgul Lake and in the taiga forest of the remote northern area of Khuvsgul Province. They herd reindeer for their existence and use reindeer for many purposes: transport, meat, milk, skins for clothes, blood-horns for traditional medicine and other uses. People in Khuvsgul most commonly practice shamanism and some of the most powerful shaman live in this area. There you may visit a Tsaatan or Reindeer herder’s family and explore their special way of the life or meet a shaman. (Tsaatan family, Tepees)

Day 22. Horseback riding

After lunch we will continue horseback riding back to the Darkhad family.

Day 23. Darkhad Valley

Continue horseback riding and reach to Darkhad family.

Day 24. Near to Murun city

Day 25. Uran Togoo Extinct Volcano

Drive to the Uran Togoo extinct volcano and its surrounding area has been protected as a “Natural Monument” since 1965 and covers 58 square km. Uran extinct volcano is at an elevation of 1,686 meters above sea level. On the top is of the extinct volcano is a crater, 500-600 meters wide and 50 meters deep, with a small “crater lake” of about 20 meters in diameter. The protected area is the home to numerous kinds of rare animals such as red deer, wild Argali sheep, Siberian ibex and wild boar.

Day 26. Amarbayasgalant Monastery

Drive to the Amarbayasgalant Monastery, the most intact architectural complex in Mongolia. It was built between 1727 and 1736 by Manchurian King Enkh-Amgalan and is dedicated to Saint Zanabazar, Mongolia’s first Buddhist saint. Amarbayasgalant was one of the greatest Buddhist pilgrimage centers where between the 17th and 19th Centuries about one thousand lamas lived, chanted and studied. There were 27 large and small temples. The communists destroyed 10 of the 37 temples and some statues in the late 1930s. The monastery was extensively restored several times with the help of UNESCO. These days, about 50 monks live in the monastery, compared to over 2000 monks in 1930s. Amarbayasgalant has been protected since 1943 and was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

Day 27. Ulaanbaatar city.

Return to Ulaanbaatar. When we arrive in Ulaanbaatar city you can visit shopping at a cashmere factory outlet store if you want. We truly hope this would be the most amazing trip to meet nice and hospital local nomad people and be in beautiful wild nature and become memorable and unforgettable tour for your life.


                 Itinerary: Central Mongolia - Western Mongolia -  Northern Mongolia, Nature Discovery Tour

                     Duration: 27 days/ 26 nights

                     Activities: Camel riding and hiking

                     Group Size: min 1-2, max 6 (big groups are available)


         Included in the price:            


                   •            Experienced driver and car with fuel              

                   •            English speaking tour guide /cook  

                   •            Accommodation during the trip        

                   •            Cook for during the trip      

                   •            Entrance fees for museums & protected areas             

                   •            All meals (B.L.D)

                   •            We provide 1.5 liter of mineral water per person, daily

                   •           Camel & Horse riding /optional/


        Excluded in the price:

                   •            Alcoholic drinks

                   •            Snacks

                   •            Personal items

                   •            Extra and optional activities’ cost

                   •            Travel insurance

                   •            International airfare


Contact us

  • Address: Door 21, Building B-8 (door code-1379)
    1st khoroo, Chingeltei district,
    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Telephone: (976)-76072265
  • Mobile: (976)-88032255
  • Email: info@vastmongoliatour.com
  • Website: www.vastmongoliatour.com


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