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Central and West Mongolia - Nature Discovery Tour – 23 days

04 February 2017
hyargas lake2
We welcome you to the world of astonishingly untouched nature with a surprising mixture of landscapes, majestic snow-capped mountains, gigantic blue lakes, rare flora and fauna as well as heterogeneous ethnic groups and unique nomadic culture that is Western Mongolia! This is an extremely restful environment where you should spend your vacation. Western Mongolia is a westerner’s dream, off the beaten path with abundant natural wonders. During this tour, we will visit not only the western area but also wonderful natural & cultural sights of central Mongolia. We will stay in the traditional Mongolian dwellings, the ger, sometimes overnight in tents in beautiful spots and gaze at the amazing starry sky before sleeping. Feel life’s freedom in the immeasurable spacious and silent paradise of Western Mongolia and enjoy the beauty of pristine nature.
Day 1. Ulaanbaatar-Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes.
After breakfast we will drive west to beautiful Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes. On the way we will visit the Khustai National Park. Khustai NP is located in Altanbulag Sum, Tuv Province. Khustai has 506 square km area and was established in 1993. The park protects the wild horse “Takhi”, also known as Przewalski’s wild horse in the world, and a bio-diversity of other rare wild animals and plants. The quantity of various ecosystems within the park assures an abundance of wildlife. We will visit a small museum of the Takhi and learn about the park and wild horse Takhi. Watch a short documentary film about Khustai National Park, Przewalski’s wild horse and Takhi re-introduction project.
Continue driving to the Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes. The Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes is one of the most picturesque places of Mongolia and is part of the 80 km long Mongol Els Sand Dunes. This place is a wonderful combination of pretty sand dunes, majestic granite mountains, grassy green land, a clear fresh spring and a tiny lake. Indeed, here you can enjoy seeing the combination of Gobi and Khangai Natural Zones. We will visit local nomadic family and enjoy walking and climbing on the sand dunes. (Ger camp/ L, D)
Day 2. Karakorum “Ancient Capital of the Great Mongolian Empire of the Genghis Khan” and Erdenezuu monastery
Today we will drive to Karakorum “Ancient Capital of the Great Mongolian Empire of the Genghis Khan”. Karakorum (Kharkhorin) was the capital of Great Mongolian Empire of Chinggis Khan in the 13-14th Centuries. Visit one of Mongolia’s two largest monasteries, “Erdenezuu”, Museum of Karakorum and surrounding sites of Karakorum: the Great Khan’s monument, the legendary Turtle of Karakorum and the Phallic Rock statue. Erdenezuu Monastery has a complex of 108 stupas and over 10 temples that contain rich displays of Mongolian Buddhism. The Erdenezuu Monastery and ruins of Karakorum were registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1996. (Ger camps/ B, L, D)
Day 3. Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall”
Today we will visit to the Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall”. Ulaan Tsutgalan “Water fall” is on Ulaan River which flows through basalt rocks formed by a unique combination of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes around 20000 years ago. Ulaan Tsutgalan Waterfall cascades from a height of 20 meters and is naturally most impressive after heavy rain but disappears in dry seasons. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 4. Tsenkher Hot Spring.
In the morning we will drive to Tsenkher Hot Spring in Arkhangai Province. Thenkher Hot Spring water contains a blend of the most useful minerals for the human body. Mongolians say its water is a pleasant treatment for stress, nervous disorders and rheumatism. Then enjoy walking to the beginning of the mineral spring and having hot mineral water bath. (Ger camp/ B, L, D)

Day 5. Khorgo - Terkh National Park.
Drive to beautiful Khorgo -Terkh National Park. On the way we will pass through the town of Tsetserleg, the center of Arkhangai Province. Continue driving along the amazing canyon of Chuluut River and Khangai Zone. Arrive in the camp, relax and enjoy the natural beauty of the area. (Ger camp/ B, L, D)

Day 6. Visit the spots in Khorgo Terkh National Park.
Today we will visit the attractions of the park: the Khorgo extinct volcano, the Yellow Dog’s Hell, the Ice Cave and Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. Khorgo - Terkh National Park has been protected since 1965 and covers an area of 773 square km. Khorgo Mountain was an active volcano just 8000 years ago and Khorgo is covered with basalt. Red deer, Siberian deer, wild boar, reddish and black ducks are found in the park. During the summer, great cormorants commonly nest at Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. The lake is beautiful with crystal clear fresh water and supports pike & other fish. Torrents of lava is suing from the Khorgo Volcano dammed the Terkh River in the north and south forming the lake and is at an altitude of 2060 meters above sea level. Enjoy walking and bird watching by the lake shore. (Ger camp/ B, L, D)
Day 7. Telmen Lake in Zavkhan Province.
Drive to beautiful Telmen Lake in Zavkhan Province. This salt lake is at an altitude of 1789 meters above sea level and covers an area of 194 square km. We will camp at the eastern end of Telmen Lake. Free time for hiking by the lake shore and relaxing in the quiet beauty of nature. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 8. Khar Lake and Sand Dunes.
Today we will drive to Khar Lake to see the wonderful joining of a fresh water lake and sand dunes. Khar Lake is at an altitude of 1980 meters above sea level and covers an area of 89 square km. Enjoy climbing the sand dunes, hiking, swimming and admire the natural beauty. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 9. Khyargas Lake.
Continue driving to Khyargas Lake along the Bor Khyariin Els Sand Dunes. Khyargas Lake is one of the largest lakes in Mongolia and is located in the Great Lakes Depression that is a globally important wetland area for migratory birds and is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. Khyargas Lake is a huge inland sea 75 km long, 31 km wide and 80 meters deep. The water is brackish and has rare fish such as Mongolian grayling. The surrounding atmosphere of the lake area makes you feel that you are really separated from bustling outside world. Enjoy relaxing and bird watching. (Tents / B, L, D)
Day 10. Kharkhiraa Turgen Mountain Range.
This morning we will travel to the untouched Kharkhiraa Turgen Mountain Range. On the way enjoy the picturesque scenery of the Khan Khukhii Mountain Range. The mountains of Kharkhiraa Uul and Turgen Uul are perpetually snowcapped. Kharkhiraa Mountain reaches 4038 meters above sea level and Turgen Mountain reaches 3965 meters. Here there are many kinds of rare plants and animals such as snow leopard and wild Argali sheep. The mountain range is a great place for hiking. We will make a short visit to Ulaangom, center of Uvs Province. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 11. Kharkhiraa Turgen Mountain Range.
Today we will drive to the northwestern part of the Kharkhiraa Turgen mountains. On the way we will visit a local nomadic family and learn about their rich culture and nomadic way of life. The family will be from any one of Uvs Province’s ethnic groups: Dorvod, Bayad, Khalkh or Khoton. Have a pleasant trek around the camp area or in the beautiful Kharkhiraa Turgen mountains. (Ger camp/ B, L, D)
Day 12. Achit lake
Achit Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Uvs province of Mongolia, in the west of the country. At an elevation of 1,435 m above sea level it covers an area of 290 km². It is 28 km long, 16 km wide, and 10 m deep. The coast is covered with steppes, mostly hilly but swampy on the northwest and northeast. Several rivers also flow into the lake.(Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 13. Tsagaan nuur village
Drive to Tsagaan nuur village. We will get permission from the army border. Stay overnight at Kazak nomadic family. (Ger/ B, L, D)
Day 14. Entrance of Altai Tavan Bogd National Park.
Today we will continue driving to the park entrance of Altai Tavan Bogd NP. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 15. Base camp (trekking 15 km)
There we load our luggage on camels and will trek for around 15-16 km to the base camp at the edge of the 20 km long Potanin Glacier. Arrive at the base camp and pitch the tents. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 16. Base camp
Today we will climb Malchin Peak the lowest and easiest of the Five Peaks, Malchin Peak is 4037 meters above sea level. The climb will not require special technical equipments. Enjoy the stunning view of untouched nature and the territories of the bordering countries. After reaching the top we will come back down to the base camp. The Altai Tavan Bogd or Five Holy Peaks include: Khuiten Peak (means cold), Ulgii Peak, Burged Peak, Nairamdal Peak and Malchin Peak. The highest one is Khuiten at an altitude of 4374 meters above sea level and is the roof of Mongolia. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 17. Entrance of Altai Tavan Bogd National Park.
Today we will trek back to the car. (around 15 km) to the entrance of the park using the camels for our luggage. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 18. Khoton and Khurgan Lakes
Today we will drive to Khoton and Khurgan Lakes. Khoton & Khurgan lakes are crystal clear lakes, located in very west of Mongolia and Altai mountain range in Altai Tavan Bogd national park. Surface area is 50.1 km2, the average depth is 26.6 m, the maximum depth is approximately 58 m. Khoton and Khurgan lakes are connected by wide river “Sirgali. It is the source of the Hovd River, drains from the whole Mongolian Altai. Khurgan nuur is the lowest point of Altai Tavan Bogd National park. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 19. “Baga Turgen” Waterfall
Today we will hike to the “BagaTurgen” waterfall. It is located in the “Turgen Uul” mountain range. And 36 meters high. “Baga Turgen” waterfall is segmented in two-stage. The first part is 23meters and the second one is 13meters. The Turgen river originates from the glacial snowmelt. (Tents/ B, L, D)
Day 20 and 21 Visit Kazakh eagle hunter’s family
We will visit a local Kazakh eagle hunter’s family and learn about the Kazakh people’s unique lifestyle, traditions and how they train the eagles for hunting. (Kazak family, Ger/ B. L, D)
Day 21. Ulgii Town, center of Bayan-Ulgii Province.
After breakfast we drive to Ulgii, center of Bayan-Ulgii, Mongolia’s western most province. The province is famous for its untouched snow-capped mountains and the Kazakh nation that makes up nearly 5% of the population with their rich, unique culture. Visit the museum of Bayan-Ulgii Province and learn basic information about the area. (Ger camp/ B, L, D)
Day 22. Ulaanbaatar
Today you will fly back to Ulaanbaatar. We will pick up you from the airport. (B)

Itinerary: Central and West Mongolia - Nature Discovery Tour
Duration: 22 days/ 21 nights 
Activities: camel riding and trekking
Group Size: min 1-2, max 6 (big groups are available)


Included in the price:

• Experienced driver and 4WD minivan with fuel 
• English speaking tour guide /cook 
• Accommodation during the trip 
• Cook for during the trip 
• Entrance fees for museums & protected areas 
• All meals (B.L.D)
• We provide 1.5 liter of mineral water per person, daily
• Horse and camel riding /optional/
Excluded in the price:
• Alcoholic drinks
• Snacks
• Personal items
• Extra and optional activities’ cost
• Travel insurance
• International airfare
• Domestic flight


Tour Booking

Contact us

  • Address: Door 21, Building B-8 (door code-1379)
    1st khoroo, Chingeltei district,
    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Telephone: (976)-76072265
  • Mobile: (976)-88032255
  • Email: info@vastmongoliatour.com
  • Website: www.vastmongoliatour.com


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